Bature Tanimu Gagare: Hausa social sctivist and writer


  • Stanisław Piłaszewicz University of Warsaw


Bature Gagare, Northern Nigeria, novel, social life, Biafran war


Bature Tanimu Gagare became famous as an ardent critic of Nigerian social and political life. Due to his public engagement and unusual activities he was given various nicknames and epithets. Some people saw in him an able writer, others considered him as an adventurer. In this article an attempt has been made to present the profile of the author and to discuss his only novel "Ƙarshen alewa ƙasa"; its genesis, content and the message.


Abdalla Uba Adamu, 2007, Annotated bibliography of criticism against Hausa prose fiction,

Bature, Tanimu Gagare, 1982, Ƙarshen alewa ƙasa [A field day comes to a sticky end], Lagos-Zaria: Northern Nigerian Publishing Company for Nigeria Magazine.

Blumczyńska. O., 2010, Obraz życia religijnego Maguzawa w powieści “Ƙarshen alewa ƙasa” pióra Bature Gagare [The image of the religious life of Maguzawa in the novel "Ƙarshen alewa ƙasa" by Bature Gagare], unpublished M.A thesis, Department of African Languages and Cultures, University of Warsaw.

Furniss, G., 1996, Poetry, prose, and popular culture in Hausa, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press for the International African Institute.

[Guardian], 2001, Nigeria: Musicians in Katsina state criticize ban on local music, The Guardian website, Lagos, April 26, 2001.

Ibrahim Malumfashi, 1991, “Akalar rubutun adabin Hausa na bukatar sauyi” [Leading trend of the Hausa creative writing should be changed], Nasiha, 7.

Ibrahim Sheme, 2001, Bature Gagare: marubuci mai yaƙin danniya da wariya [Bature Gagare: the writer struggling with oppression and colour bar], [access January 27, 2005].

Krusius, P., 1915, “Die Maguzawa”, Archiv für Anthropologie 14, 288–315.

Musa Mohammed Bello, 1982, Tsumangiyar kan hanya [The Driving Whip], Lagos-Zaria: Northern Nigerian Publishing Company for Nigeria Magazine.

Piłaszewisz, S., 2014, “Bature Tanimu Gagare: działacz społeczny i pisarz”, in: I. Kraska-Szlenk, B. Wójtowicz (eds.), Current Research in African Studies, Warszawa: Elipsa, 301-311.

Sulaiman Ibrahim Katsina, 1982, Turmin danya [The Strong Man], Lagos-Zaria: Northern Nigerian Publishing Company for Nigeria Magazine.

Wente-Lukas, R., 1985, Handbook of ethnic units in Nigeria, Stuttgard: Franz Steiner.




How to Cite

Piłaszewicz, S. (2015). Bature Tanimu Gagare: Hausa social sctivist and writer. Studies in African Languages and Cultures, (49), 53–67. Retrieved from




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